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“Sumerians The First Civilization”

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By Tyrone Ellington @

Today is a special day for me because today is the day I share what I’ve learned and researched over the years. And just like how this is my first post, I would like first to start and talk about the very first civilization, the Sumerians, “the black-headed people.” One of the first cities of the Sumerians was Eridug/Eridu. It was first settled around 5400 B.C. It doesn’t mean that there weren’t other people around like the Aboriginal Australians or the Ancient Egyptians near the Nile River. It just means that this is where “a relatively high level of cultural and technological development specificallythe stage of cultural development at which writing and the keeping of written records is attained.” The Cradle of Civilization began between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, which are now home to Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, and Egypt. The stories of gods, reincarnation, the flood, and many more started in Ancient Mesopotamia. Enki/Ea was the god of Eridu, which means he is one of the first deities praised as a god. Enki/Ea, according to the Sumerian ancient cuneiform writing, was the god along with others who helped create man through a series of trial and error. He is also responsible for telling Noah/Zi-ud-sura about the flood.

As I have read many different books about Ancient Mesopotamia, I learned that they are responsible for many things that we use today, like the boat, the chariot, the plow, metallurgy, and games such as checkers. They kept records of marriages, business transactions, ownership rights, and even recipes. Samuel Noah Kramer has a book that lists 39 firsts inventions that originated in Ancient Mesopotamia. The way records were kept in Ancient Mesopotamia was through cuneiform, derived from previous forms of writing systems such as clay tokens and pictographs. There is no denying by physical evidence that there was once a group of people that were here on planet Earth some thousands of years ago that had stories about gods. These same stories we have are stories that are recited in the Bible and also in many other religious texts from around the world. I have thought to myself on many different occasions about how all this was organized. The agreement to create such stories such as The Flood or stories that dealt with the creation of man is fantastic to think about. There are records out there that are over 10,000 years old that have been translated into modern-day language to understand, and we are still discovering more to this day.  Just knowing that there are thousands more of ancient texts yet to be found and translated is astonishing.  There’s no telling what stories or records that they may have for us. And I say that because it is amazing considering human evolution possibly goes back 3 million years ago and then with the homo sapiens (humans) dating back possibly 300,000 years ago.

All of this is fascinating to me because I can’t help but think about how this was accomplished.  I understand that many of these inventions and stories happened over some time and that there is no doubt it doesn’t take much to create anything with time. The thought of knowing the possibility where we get our gods from, and to understand that the Bible has the same stories as the Sumerians and others in Ancient Mesopotamia makes me think that if the Bible is the word, then why did we stray away from the origins of it all? Was it the incident at The Tower of Babel that confused us who the GODS were? In the 19-century European archeologists were looking to excavate locations mentioned in the Bible, places like Babylon and Nineveh; instead, they stumbled across the Sumerians by mistake.

If you think about this, it becomes clear that the knowledge of gods and goddesses were hidden through the stories of the Bible and other religious texts, and it took people who were fascinated by the Bible to find the origin of it all, the Sumerians. If any of what I’ve read is true about the Sumerians the same as the word in the Bible is true, then much of it is true about the gods the Anunnaki/Anunna. These were the gods who created humanity, and through trial and tribulation, Adamu was created “the perfect man.”

The Flood story: c.1.7.
After An, Enlil, Enki and Ninḫursaĝa had fashioned the black-headed people, they also made animals multiply everywhere, and made herds of four-legged animals exist on the plains, as is befitting. (approx. 32 lines missing)

Enki and the world order: c.1.1.3

The Anuna gods address affectionately the great prince who has travelled in his Land: “Lord who rides upon the great powers, the pure powers, who controls the great powers, the numberless powers, foremost in all the breadth of heaven and earth; who received the supreme powers in Eridug, the holy place, the most esteemed place, Enki, lord of heaven and earth — praise!”

Enki and the world order: c.1.1.3

All the lords and rulers, the incantation-priests of Eridug and the linen-clad priests of Sumer, perform the purification rites of the Abzu for the great prince who has travelled in his land; for Father Enki they stand guard in the holy place, the most esteemed place. They …… the chambers ……, they …… the emplacements, they purify the great shrine of the Abzu ……. They bring there the tall juniper, the pure plant. They organise the holy …… in the great watercourse …… of Enki. Skilfully they build the main stairway of Eridug on the Good Quay. They prepare the sacred uzga shrine, where they utter endless prayers. (7 lines fragmentary or unclear)

Enki and the world order: c.1.1.3

The lord, the great ruler of the Abzu, issues instructions on board the ‘Stag of the Abzu’ — the great emblem erected in the Abzu, providing protection, its shade extending over the whole land and refreshing the people, the pillar and pole planted in the …… marsh, rising high over all the foreign lands. The noble captain of the lands, the son of Enlil, holds in his hand the sacred punt-pole, a meš tree ornamented in the Abzu which received the supreme powers in Eridug, the holy place, the most esteemed place. The hero proudly lifts his head towards the Abzu. (6 lines missing or unclear)”

Black, J.A., Cunningham, G., Ebeling, J., Flückiger-Hawker, E., Robson, E., Taylor, J., and Zólyomi, G., The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature (, Oxford 1998–200612).

There is so much to our history that we don’t know, and being able to share what I’ve learned may help me find some new things to research. Thank you for taking the time to read my post. If there is anything you would like to share to further my education on this matter, please provide what you have in the comments section. I will have another post posted in the coming weeks. Please be sure to look out for it.

Originally posted on on 23 July 2020

1 thought on ““Sumerians The First Civilization”

  1. I have been very interested in the sumerian culture , amongst many other since childhood . The association to the bible and other religions is impressive considering they were written long before catholicism entered the picture . Through all my readings I’ve come to.undetstand that when a rib was taken from man to.creat a woman does not mean the anatical.part of the body as most religious people believe . What they did is took a strand of the man’s dna and modified the chromosome etc to create a female . Lab work ! This is not accepted by those of the religious persuasion . All in all , this subject is for thinkers and explorers . We are looking for answers that other factions cannot answer for us. But very good to see another writer entering the field giving us new insight . Cheers !

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